Queen Elizabeth II, has ruled longer than any other monarch in British history. Even though the United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy, it doesn’t have a single codified constitution like the United States. Instead, the power balance between the Crown (the monarchy) and Parliament (the elected officials) is mediated by a set of rules known as constitutional “conventions,” some of which are written down and others that are based on custom and tradition.
The queen is the ultimate source of power in the British government According to some of the oldest traditions; the British legislature is formally known as “The Queen in Parliament.” But as we’ll see, in modern practice the queen wields no real political power to act independently of the wishes of Parliament or the prime minister.
Every single legal document is issue on her name, passports, driving license, resident cards etc hence she does not require a passport , driving license or any other mandatory documents which a common citizen of UK should posses.
If the queen does not posses political power does not mean she does not have nay power with her. The monarch has three essential rights: to be consulted, to encourage and to warn.
1)Appointing the Prime Minister
The day after a general election, the queen invites the leader of the party that won the most seats in Parliament to Buckingham Palace. The queen asks the leader whether he or she will form a government. The queen’s question is fully ceremonial at this point, but Murphy says it underscores one of the monarch’s main responsibilities — to ensure the continuity of the British government.
2)Opening and Closing Parliament
She officially opens each new session of Parliament with the “Queen’s Speech.”
3) British Ceremonial Powers
Britain’s constitutional monarchy, the queen is obliged to give “Royal Assent” to all bills passed by Parliament before they can become law.As the sovereign head of state, the queen is also the head of the Armed Forces, which gives her the power to declare war and sign treaties. But like her other reserve powers, she exclusively acts under the advice of government ministers, including the prime minister.
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