Plastic pollution has become one of the most important environmental issues, as rapidly increasing production of disposable plastic products overwhelms the world’s ability to deal with them.
Plastic pollution is most visible in both developing Asian and African nations, where garbage collection systems are often inefficient or nonexistent andthe developed world, especially in countries with low recycling rates, also has trouble properly collecting discarded plastics. Plastic trash has become so ubiquitous it has prompted efforts to write a global treaty negotiated by the United Nations.
Plastics revolutionized medicine with life-saving devices, made space travel possible, lightened cars and jets—saving fuel and pollution—and saved lives with helmets, incubators, and equipment for clean drinking water.We cannot imagine our mordern days withour plastics.
The comfort zone that we were put in due to the usage of plastics has led to a throw-away culture that reveals the material’s dark side: today, single-use plastics account for 40 percent of the plastic produced every year. Many of these products, such as plastic bags and food wrappers, have a lifespan of mere minutes to hours, yet they may persist in the environment for hundreds of years.
As per the study in 2015 the plastic rate production is as high up to 2.3 million tons and it will double with in a span of another 10 years. Every Year 8 million tons of plastic waste escapes into the oceans from coastal nations.
Plastic polluting Oceans and rivers
Plastic waste in the oceans, Earth’s last sink, flows from land. Trash is also carried to sea by major rivers, which act as conveyor belts, picking up more and more trash as they move downstream. Once at sea, much of the plastic trash remains in coastal waters. But once caught up in ocean currents, it can be transported around the world.
Sunlight, wind, and ocean wave further break down plastic waste into small particles, often less than one-fifth of an inch across. These are caleed microplastics and they spread throughout the water column and have been found in every corner of the globe, from Mount Everest, the highest peak, to the Mariana Trench, the deepest trough.Microplastics are breaking down further into smaller and smaller pieces. Plastic microfibers, meanwhile, have been found in municipal drinking water systems and drifting through the air.
Plastic polluting soil
The detrimental effects of plastic on soil are not that well explored compared to marine and water contamination, mostly because it is through land that plastic and its particles end up in water, or the plastic objects are blown away by the wind into seas, oceans and rivers. Nevertheless, it could be rightfully said that having plastic in soil is not good for plants nor the animals since it obstructs their development.
Plastic pollution one of reasons of flood
All those plastic bags, bottles and other objects eventually end up in canals, water reservoirs and drain. After some time, they become partially or completely clogged and can’t deal with a huge surge of water, thus increasing risks of causing great material damage and even losing lives.
Innocent Animals getting killed due to plastic pollution.
Millions of animals are killed by plastics every year, from birds to fish to other marine organisms. Nearly 700 species, including endangered ones, are known to have been affected by plastics. Nearly every species of seabird eats plastics.The whole enviornement is being effected because of our careless and irresponsible behaviour.Microplastics have been found in more than 100 aquatic species, including fish, shrimp, and mussels destined for our dinner plates. In many cases, these tiny bits pass through the digestive system and are expelled without consequence.
Tests have also confirmed liver and cell damage and disruptions to reproductive systems, prompting some species, such as oysters, to produce fewer eggs.
Is there a solution to prevent plastic solution?
If you want to bring a change you start from ourselves and our home. You use reusable bags when you go togrocery shop. People often leave stores with dozens of plastic bags that just get thrown away.
Drinking from a reusable water bottle instead of a disposable one can also be very helpful. If everyone drank the recommended amount of water per day from disposable bottles, it would create an unbelievable amount of plastic waste.
You can also avoid to-go containers like cups from coffee shops and styrofoam containers for leftovers from restaurants. Instead, purchase reusable containers to cut down on waste.
Avoid using plastic straws, even in restaurants. If you like using straws, you can purchase a reusable glass or stainless steel straw. Try to buy household products like laundry detergent in cardboard boxes instead of plastic bottles. If you use plastic lighters frequently, consider investing in a metal refillable lighter instead. Even small changes in your day-to-day life can add up and greatly reduce the amount of plastic waste in the environment.
The recution of plastic pollution could be accomplished with improved waste management systems and recycling, better product design that takes into account the short life of disposable packaging, and reduction in manufacturing of unnecessary single-use plastics and make sure by all means not to enter our rivers ot oceans.
Take a decision and choose what’s right for your environment and future generations. Educate about. plastic pollution with whom ever you can.